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Nr: 66-68
January-March 2010

Agrementul de sub Tâmpa
The recreation centre ?Complex Agrement? located at the bottom of Tampa hill
Der Agrement-Komplex unter der Zinne
A Cenk alatti Agrement
Primul Târg de Crăciun şi Anul Nou, la Braşov
The first Christmas and New Year Market in Brasov
Der erste Weihnachts- und Neujahrsmarkt in Kronstadt
Az első karácsonyi és új évi vásár Brassóban
Crăciun la Nürnberg
Christmas in Nürnberg
Weihnachten in Nürnberg
Karácsony Nürnbergben
"Poftiţi la munte, când se taie porcul!"
"Come up into the mountains during the pig slaughtering season!"
?Kommen Sie in die Berge, wenn die Schweine geschlachtet werden!?
Jöjjön a hegyvidékre, disznóvágásra!
Centenar la Hălchiu
Centennial at Halchiu
Ein Jahrhundertjubiläum in Heldsdorf
Centenárium Höltövényben
Muzeul Etnografic Hărman
The Ethnographic Museum of Harman
DasVolkskundemuseum Honigberg
Hermányi Néprajzi Múzeum
Sănătate prin mişcare la Predeal
Movement for health in Predeal
Bewegung und Gesundheit in Predeal
Egészség mozgás által Predeálon
Alaiul cu măşti
The masked parade
Der Masken-Aufmarsch
Maszkok felvonulása
Primul Ghiocel la Codlea
The ?First Snow Drop? event in Codlea
Das erste Schneeglöckchen
Az Első Hóvirág Feketehalomban
?Baba Roata?
The ?Baba Roata? custom
?Baba Roata?
Baba Roata
Şezătoare la Vama Buzăului
The evening sitting of villagers in Vama Buzăului
Kränzchen in Vama Buzăului
A bodzavámi fonó
Desfacerea cetelor de feciori
Spreading of boys? groups
Das Auflösen der Jungenscharen
A legénycsapatok felbontása

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The ?Baba Roata? custom



     

     

Sinca Noua is a village located in Brasov County, Transylvania region, Romania, which has received the ?European village? mark. Within the sustainable development plan of Brasov County, Sinca Noua village is part of the micro-region Dumbrava Narciselor, including also Comana, Parau, Sercaia, Sinca and Mandra villages. The purpose is to promote the region and to develop common projects. The customs have been preserved here unaltered for hundreds of years, the most famous of them being ?Roata in flacari? (The Burning Wheel) or ?Strigarea peste sat? (The Public Outcry), a ceremony intended to keep away bad spirits.

Custom ceremony

?Roata în flăcări? or ?Strigarea peste sat? is a ceremony and a right of the lads group, which takes place in Sinca Noua and Parau, upon the beginning of the fasting period. In Parau village the custom is also called ?Baba Roata?. All those who did not obey the community?s rules will be subject to public disapprobation. In the past, the lads from the village used to gather uphill and have stinging words for old maids, old bachelors and for all those who strayed from the moral path. The entire villagers, especially the single girls could hear the well informed and ironic outcry of the lads. The main elements of this ceremony are the cart wheels and fire.

The cart wheel

Mr. Dumitru Flucus, Mayor of Sinca Noua village, is the son of the village and he always takes part in this custom celebration wearing a folk costume. ?The main element of this ceremony is the burning wheel, a cart wheel wrapped up in straws that is set on fire after having been mounted by the group of lads, with great pomp, uphill. Then the wheel is rolled downhill in the clamour of the lads,? said the Mayor talking about the lads group of which he is part, too and about the items used in this nightly ceremony.

The wheel and the fire

This custom conveys the complex meaning of the two elements, wheel and fire, namely the renewal and purification of people. The ritual meaning has been preserved up to this day and the spectacular side of the custom is emphasized. The spiritual aspect is also worth considering because the fire and the lads clamour aim at casting bad spirits away.
It is worth mentioning that the entire community is involved in the preservation of this tradition, trying to make it more and more spectacular each year.






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