Vulcan commune (Wolkendorf in German and Szászvolkány in Magyar) is part of the historical region Barsa Land ? Transylvania, Romania. The commune includes the Colony 1st of May, where there is one of the biggest mines in the area, closed around 1965.
The commune is first mentioned in documents in the 13th century. Around 1510 there were 42 land owners; since then, Vulcan has been evolved towards a coagulated community, despite the invasions, the battles, the epidemics, the emigrations, the war casualties or the deportations in the USSR in 1945.
The church built in Romanic style in the 13th century conserves today only the foundations and the old entrance.
Vulcan is 632 Years Old
According the mayor Claudiu Druia, ?Vulcan?s Days? will be marked by the celebration of 630 years of the commune?s existence. The natives emigrated in Germany and all the tourists eager to know this wonderful area are invited to attend the exceptional program prepared by the authorities.
Another important feast of the local community is ?The May Day?, arrived at its second edition in the Colony 1st of May. May Day is the summer?s beginning feast, when the boys use to ornate with green branches the doors of the houses where marriageable girls live. The green twig is a sign of fertility.
The moment was marked by a popular clothes parade and an exciting folkloric show performed by several famous bands and singers, among which Georgiana and Madalina Stanisor from the Colony 1st of May.
Vulcan?s Brass Band
In Vulcan, the local brass band continues the tradition of the Saxons, the initiators of the ancient brass band. Its leader, Gheorghe Lucaci, knows that the German natives emigrated in Germany have set up a new one, under the guidance of Frolisch Hans, an ex-inhabitant of Vulcan. Although thy call each other once in while, the two brass bands? leader didn?t have the chance to meet until now. They hope that the anniversary will give them the occasion to play together.