Comana is a commune in Brasov County, Transylvania, Romania, made up of villages Comana de Jos (residence), Comana de Sus, Crihalma and Ticusu Nou. Comana de Jos, the residence locality, used to be an important administrative centre of Tara Fagarasului while Stefan Mailat was a prince of Transylvania. Within the sustainable development plan of Brasov County, Comana commune is part of Micro-region Dumbrava Narciselor, its purpose being to promote the region and to develop joint projects.
„Our commune has an interesting history. A few human settlements were discovered here, certifying the early existence of the population: a settlement from the Middle Bronze Age, the 2nd century BC – AD, a settlement from the 8th – 9th century and another one from the 11th – 13th century, the early medieval age. In Comana houses were dug in soil at various depths, 14 hovels and 18 semi-hovels, with various planimetry, with fire installations, consisting in stone and clay ovens being uncovered. The existence of fire installations, fire places outside was noticed”. declared Viorel Grusea, the Mayor of Comana de Jos commune.
The locals preserve the ancestral customs and participate in various cultural events, proudly wearing their popular costumes. Among these, we would like to mention the Festival of Traditions and winter customs, occasion on which they present their traditions and popular authentic costumes. The local dances are specific and identify one locality from another even if they belong to the same commune. Among these: Braul, Pasovoaica, Fecioreasca, Lepedeul, Hodoroaga, Invartita.
The historical documents introduce in the ethnographic and folklore researches sources whose meaning was especially emphasized for the historical classification of the phenomena studied in a well-defined chronology. The ethnographer and the folklorist are interested in reporting and publishing such documents whose content is of interest.
Ileana Gafton DRAGOS